Current Affairs 26 January

26 January Current affairs

Chief Election Commissioner Sunil Arora has been elected as the President of the Election Management Body of South Asia for the year 2020.

New chairman of South Asia’s election management body

According to the commission, Pakistan did not attend the meeting. After the removal of Article 370 from Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan was not invited due to bilateral tension. In the body, Arora outgoing president, Bangladesh election officer K.M. Nurul will replace Huda. It is noteworthy that this forum was formed during the meeting of the electoral bodies of SAARC countries held in May 2012.

Successful test of K-4 missile

Recently India has successfully tested the ballistic missile K-4. The missile launched from the submarine was tested off the Visakhapatnam coast in Andhra Pradesh. According to experts, this will go a long way in increasing the strength of the Navy. This missile developed by DRDO can attack up to 3500 km. The missile will be deployed on India’s Arihant-class nuclear submarines.

India’s foreign exchange reserves

According to the latest data released by the Reserve Bank of India, India’s foreign exchange reserves rose by $ 934 million to a new record high of $ 462.16 billion for the week ended January 17. It may be noted that in the previous week, foreign exchange reserves had increased by $ 58 million to $ 461.21 billion. The total foreign exchange in a country at a particular time is called foreign exchange reserves. Foreign assets, gold reserves, reserves with the IMF and Special Drawing Rights (SDRs) are included in any country’s foreign exchange reserves.

History of Republic Day

26 January 2020: India celebrates Republic Day on this day every year. The 71st Republic Day is being celebrated in the year 2020. On 26 January 1950, the Indian Constitution came into force throughout the country, on which the Republic Day is celebrated on this day every year. Although the Constitution was adopted by the Indian Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949, it was implemented on 26 January 1950.

On this day, a parade is organized on Rajpath by the three armies of the country and the states of the country present their tableaux. This year, President of Brazil, Jair Messius Bolsonaro, will be present as the chief guest. This is the first state visit of President Bolsonaro in India. Earlier, President of Brazil had been the chief guest on the occasion of Republic Day in 1996 and 2004.

History of Republic Day

The constitution was prepared in two years, 11 months and 18 days under the guidance of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar. The Congress session was held in Lahore in 1929 under the chairmanship of Pandit Javarhalal Nehru. In this session, it was announced that if India was not given Dominion status by 26 January 1930 by the British Government, then India would be declared an independent country. When the British government did not declare India Dominion on 26 January 1930, an active movement was started from that day itself.

Information about constitution of india

Apart from Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, Jawaharlal Nehru, Dr. Rajendra Prasad, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, etc. were prominent members of the Constituent Assembly of India. This assembly prepared the Indian Constitution in 2 years, 11 months and 18 days and was handed over to Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the President of the Constituent Assembly on 26 November 1949.

After this, some improvements and changes were made through various suggestions in it. Subsequently, it was adopted by the country on 26 January 1950. From the same day, 26 January was celebrated as Republic Day.

Other information related to Republic Day

• The Republic Day Parade is held at Rajpath every year. The parade passes through an eight-kilometer long route.

• The country’s first Republic Day parade was held on 26 January 1950 at the National Stadium.

• On this occasion, a 21-gun salute is given when the national anthem is played. Here the cultural heritage of the country is depicted by various tableaux.

• At the commencement of Republic Day celebrations every year, gallantry awards are given to the brave soldiers of the country.

The Ministry of Tribal Affairs has recommended the Central Government to declare Ladakh as a tribal area under the 6th Schedule of the Indian Constitution. The Tribal Ministry has sent this proposal to the Central Government on 24 January 2020.

Four states of North-East India have been given tribal status under the Sixth Schedule. These come under the Ministry of Home Affairs. However, Assam, Meghalaya, Tripura and Mizoram have been declared as tribal areas under the Fifth Schedule. These states are under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs.

Ministry of Tribal Affairs proposal

According to the report published in the media, Tribal Affairs Minister Arjun Munda has sent a proposal to the Ministry of Home Affairs for grant of Sixth Schedule status to Ladakh. The proposal states that the tribal ministry will look after all the requirements to enrich and preserve the heritage of Ladakh.

What is the 6th schedule of the constitution?

The Sixth Schedule of the Constitution makes separate arrangements for the tribal areas of Assam, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Tripura. Article 244A was added to the Constitution through the 22nd Constitutional Amendment Act, 1969. It empowers the Parliament to establish an autonomous state for some tribal areas of Assam and the local legislature or council of ministers or both.

It was first passed by the Constituent Assembly in 1949. It empowers autonomous district councils (ADCs) to enact to protect the rights of tribal populations. ADCs are the bodies that represent the district. These bodies have been given autonomy within the state assembly.

Benefits of 6th schedule

Due to giving tribal status to Ladakh, people of other states will not be able to come and settle there. This will remain the demographics feature of that region. The Sixth Schedule protects the privilege of the original inhabitants on the land of that area. The Sixth Schedule grants considerable autonomy to tribal communities. The District Council and the Regional Council have the real power to make laws. These bodies can sanction funds from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet the cost of schemes for development, health care, education, roads and regulatory powers in the region.